Scoliosis is usually discovered during growth in childhood or adolescence (pediatric scoliosis). When it begins or is found after puberty, it is called “adult scoliosis” because the curve is discovered after complete skeletal growth. Scoliosis Research Society. Scoliosis. Accessed 9/26/ American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: OrthoInfo. Surgical Treatment for Scoliosis. Accessed 9/26/ National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents. Accessed 9/26/ Tay BB, Freedman BA, Rhee JM, Boden SD, Skinner HB.
While some states might still offer scoliosis screening in schools, the main onus falls on the parents and/or caregivers to look for the early telltale signs of scoliosis. In adults, pain is generally the big signifier that a spinal condition is present, but as discussed, in the condition’s most common form (AIS), this isn’t the case. Diagnostic Exams and Tests When assessing the degree of curvature of the spine to confirm a diagnosis of scoliosis or kyphosis and the potential impact on your overall health, NYU Langone doctors ask questions about your medical history and conduct a physical exam. If necessary, they may recommend one or more diagnostic imaging tests.
Adult patients with scoliosis may also benefit from hormone testing for scoliosis in hopes of preventing post-menopause curve progression and improving other menopause-related symptoms. The ScoliSMART Labs hormone testing for scoliosis consists of a simple home-collection urine test that can be mailed directly to the lab for analysis. Surgery is necessary in some cases of adult scoliosis. This treatment is the last option because of the risks of complications from spinal surgery. Surgery may be suggested for the following reasons: Pain. Surgery may be needed if back and leg pain from the scoliosis becomes severe and ongoing, and doesn’t respond to conservative treatment.